Depending on the country or region, there are different ways to store goods in a customs warehouse. Unlike a free warehouse, a special economic zone is not a building or premises, but a site. This place is a carefully mapped and recorded geographical area. Sometimes these areas are called linked logistics parks. · If the need to unload the cargo at the overseas customs warehouse arises, follow the following procedure: the risk management method discussed in this document is based on the carrier`s legal ability to withhold delivery until at least one original bill of lading is delivered by its rightful owner. although the carrier loses physical possession of the goods placed in the customs warehouse. If the port of unloading does not have a customs warehouse, in most jurisdictions unloading the cargo is only possible to a local consignee. This requires the delivery of an original bill of lading to the local consignee and results in the loss of control of the goods concerned. As a general rule, the customs office shall clear goods intended for local consumption on presentation of the original bill of lading dispatched or endorsed with other shipping documents to an established enterprise. However, in some countries, local legislation or commercial practice allows the removal of goods before the end of customs formalities, especially when the customs warehouse does not have a permanent customs office. · Do not give the original bill of lading to unload the goods in the customs warehouse.
Instead, ask the carrier to unload the cargo against a declaration of intent. Be proactive with all related formalities, as the carrier may need absICHT`s initial declaration to begin unloading. The more sub-charterers involved in the sea voyage, the longer it takes to complete the formalities involved. · Since the customs warehouse is not necessarily separate from the main port area, ask the port authority for the exact location of your cargo and ask the port authority to issue a storage receipt as soon as the cargo is unloaded by the ship. You may also want to consider sending an independent surveyor to verify the physical location and condition of the cargo and having the cargo examined by sampling for the duration of storage. · The port of discharge should operate an independent, non-private, public customs warehouse. Entrust the cargo to an independent and impartial custodian who acts in your best interest. A customs warehouse or bond is a building or other secure area where goods subject to the duty obligation can be stored, handled or subjected to manufacturing operations without payment of duties.  It can be managed by the state or by private companies. In the latter case, customs clearance must be cleared from the government. This system exists in all developed countries of the world. A legal holder of the bill of lading – usually the seller or his bank that finances – may order the carrier to unload the goods in the customs warehouse and keep them until payment is received.
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