The Polaris sales agreement was an agreement between the United States and the United Kingdom, with which the British Polaris program began. The agreement was signed on April 6, 1963. It has formally ordered the conditions and conditions under which the Polaris missile system has been made available to the United Kingdom. With the uk`s usual 1958 confidence agreement, the Polaris Sales Agreement became a pillar of special nuclear relations between Britain and the US. The agreement was amended in 1982 for the sale of the Trident missile system. The United Kingdom maintains close cooperative relations with the United States in the field of defence policy, in particular in the field of nuclear policy, where it relies heavily on the United States for the development, operation and maintenance of its nuclear forces. The United Kingdom receives assistance from the United States for the «design, development and manufacture capability» of its nuclear weapons under the 1958 United States-United Kingdom Defence Agreement. It procures American Trident missiles under the terms of the 1963 Polaris Sales Contract (as amended for Trident). An institutional challenge for Skybolt came from the United States Navy, which developed an underwater ballistic missile (SLBM), the UGM-27 Polaris. The American chief of naval operations, Admiral Arleigh Burke, held the First Lord, Lord Mountbatten, about its development on the fore chapel. [15] By moving deterrence to sea, Polaris offered the prospect of an invulnerable deterrent to a first strike and reduced the risk of a nuclear attack on the British Isles.

[16] The British Nuclear Deterrent Study Group (BNDSG) conducted a study that found that SLBM technology was not yet proven, that Polaris would be expensive and polarizing and that it could not be used until the early 1970s, given the time it took to build the boats. [17] In February 1960, the Cabinet`s Defence Committee authorized the acquisition of Skybolt. [18] Prime Minister Harold Macmillan met with President Dwight D. Eisenhower in March 1960 and secured permission to purchase Skybolt. In exchange, the Americans could send the US Navy`s polaris ballistic submarines into the Holy Hole in Scotland. [19] The financial agreement was particularly favourable for Great Britain, since the United States only demanded Skybolt`s unit costs at the level of Skybolt and increased all research and development costs. [20] With this agreement in hand, the repeal of Blue Streak was announced on April 13, 1960 in the House of Commons. [14] The terms of the agreement, embodied in an exchange of letters between Ms Thatcher and President Carter, are almost identical to those of the 1962 Nassau Agreement, which preceded the Polaris sales contract. 7 Nick Ritchie, Trident and British Identity, Department of Peace Studies report (University of Bradford: Bradford, September 2008). Available as: www.brad.ac.uk/acad/bdrc/nuclear/trident/briefing3.html Back The Polaris Sales Agreement was an agreement between the United States and the United Kingdom, with which the British Polaris program began. The agreement formally provided that the Polaris missile system would be made available to the UK in order to maintain its independent nuclear deterrent. [1] The agreement was concluded in principle under the Nassau Agreement.

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